S&P 500 "the 50s"
Although we tend to think of the 1950’s as "Happy Days" made up of greasers and hot rods, the "Fifties" were not all peaceful and roses. The 1950’s began with the "Cold War" between the United States and the Soviet Union...
...as clashes between communism and capitalism dominated the decade. Still, only 2 negative years occured between the years 1949 and 1962!
In some ways it could be considered a decade of "war by proxy" as the proponents on both sides financed small wars in remote locations. One such war, this time in Korea, lasted from 1950-1953 and the decade ended with the Vietnam War which began in 1959. In between, 1956 was marked by the Suez crisis fought in Egypt over the Suez canal. Algeria was at war from 1954-1962, Cuba was in revolution from 1953-1959. In the U.S. the prevailing sentiment was a fear of Communism and the growing “Eastern Bloc”.
David Jeter, CFP® (Allegheny Financial Group) decided in Feb. 2016 to build the table of market returns and world events. Above you see a timeframe of which most everyone reading this was not investing, the period from 1950 – 1961. You see the returns of the S&P 500 Index, a major political event, and then another interesting history note.
To recap: On the home front America was still young and growing, in 1959 Alaska and Hawaii became the 49th and 50th states. Television although commercially available since the 1920’s finally became economically affordable for the average family in the 1950’s. In 1950 4.4 million families in America had a television set and by 1960 that number had increased to 52 million (or almost 90% of the households). In 1952, the first commercial jet airliner entered service and the first semiconductor was developed. In 1954 a polypropylene plastic was simultaneously invented by Giulio Natta and German chemist Karl Rehn and that same year solar cells were invented. The polio vaccine was discovered by Jonas Salk in 1955. In 1957, one of the first computer programs to play electronic music, was created. And in 1958, NASA was created for peaceful rather than military purposes.
If one calculates REAL RETURNS, one should also keep the inflation-figures in mind:
The decade began with deflation. Each 12 month period ending in January through June of 1950 was deflationary but the first full year of the decade (ending in January 1951) was highly inflationary at over 8%. For the next several months inflation hovered around 9%. 1952 and 53 were better as inflation moderated while 1954 and 55 fell into deflation. Through out the remainder of the decade inflation remained moderate.
Annual Inflation Rate Chart 1950-1959
The average inflation for the decade was nowhere near the highs of the teens nor the lows of the depression in the 1930’s.
Reminder on investing:
One should remind everyone that USD 1 invested in the S&P 500 in 1950 would be worth USD 1,007 today. If invested in 1990, a dollar would be worth USD 9.20 as per HY1/2016 (Feb.). "That’s the value of investing, not speculation."